Repair and operation of the car
- Cars of the Honda Accord brand
Identification numbers of the car
Acquisition of spare parts
Technology of service, tool and equipment of a workplace
Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
Security system of an audio equipment
Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
Automobile chemicals, oils and lubricants
Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and systems of the car
- Governing bodies and methods of operation
Elements of security systems of the car
Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
Methods of operation
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Engine management
+ Gear shifting box
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment
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Elements of security systems of the car
The cars considered in the present manual are equipped a complex of the means intended for protection of the driver and passengers in case of the road accident. Here the seat belts established on all seats of the car and the other devices which are effectively supplementing belts enter.
Some components of a security system, being an integral part of a design of the car, do not require additional attention from the owner transport means. The strong steel frame forming a design of a cabin in which the salon, forward and back zones of the deformation absorbing energy of blow at collision is located belongs to their number; the safety steering column developing at blow; and also devices of an automatic tension of seat belts (an additional complete set) which automatically carry out a tension of belts in case of blow.
Seat beltsFor safety of the driver and passengers all seats of the car are equipped with seat belts.
In the dashboard of some models the special krolny lamp reminding to the driver and passengers about need to be fastened by seat belts is built in.
Safety cushions of the driver and passenger
The owner of the car equipped with the SRS system is obliged to know the most important points about a design and the principle of action of elements of system:
a) Existence of safety cushions cannot excuse neglect of use of seat belts at all. SRS has to be used only in a compartment with belts and other means of passive safety;
b) Forward safety cushions do not provide protection in case of side blow, and also at blow behind. Besides, operation of modules happens only at the directed blows of high intensity, i.e. the system does not provide protection at weak head-on collisions;
c) Side safety cushions do not provide protection in case of head-on collision and blow behind, besides, they work also only at excess by energy of side blow of some threshold of intensity that not always takes place at a car turning;
d) Operation of a safety cushion can put a trauma.
Effectively to execute the protective function, the pillow of an ezopasnost has to be developed from the put state in working for very short time. Therefore a safety cushion, protecting the driver / the forward passenger from heavy mutilations, in some cases saving their life, can become the traumatizing reason, and sometimes and serious mutilations up to a lethal outcome if the driver or the forward passenger were not properly fastened by seat belts or held emergency position on seats.
To reduce probability of traumatizing by a pillow, it is necessary to be fastened a gda all by seat belts and to settle down on a driver's seat on the greatest possible removal from a steering wheel / dashboard.
Provision of seats and their backsThe design of seats of the car guarantees the maximum comfort to the person sitting in them, at the same time providing conditions of the most effective implementation of the functions with belts and safety cushions. Soft stuffing of pillows and backs provides additional protection sitting in emergencies.
Adjustment of provision of a seat also exerts impact on safety of the person sitting in it. For example, too close provision of a seat to a steering wheel / dashboard increases risk of traumatizing at operation of a safety cushion, and also risk of the ejection sitting through a windshield.
Increase in an inclination of a seatback will worsen fixing of a body a seat belt, - the more the back is inclined back, the probability of slipping of a body under zone section of a seat belt at strong front blow is higher, and the heavier can be traumatized.
Record the provision of a front seat in the situation, most remote from a steering wheel / dashboard, bring a back into vertical position.
Head restraintsHead restraints prevent traumatizing cervical department of a backbone and head at blow behind. The head restraint has to be adjusted on height so that its top cut was flush with the upper edge of the ear sitting.
Instructions for use means of passive safety of the driver and passengers
The instructions stated below acquaint the reader with ways of ensuring the maximum protection of all people who are in the car.
After the driver and all passengers took the places in salon, be convinced that all doors of the car are densely closed.
Front seatsThe driver sitting too close to the dashboard is exposed to the increased risk of traumatizing, up to receiving serious mutilations and a lethal outcome from blow about a steering wheel or at operation of a safety cushion, in case of the road accident.
The vast majority of drivers (even low growth) can remove most far a driver's seat from a steering wheel, freely reaching at the same time pedals. However, if you are disturbed by too close provision of a driver's seat to a steering wheel, authors of the present manual recommend to you to pay attention to some types of the service equipment, - at company car repair shops of the Honda company it is always possible to obtain exhaustive information on the matter.
Having convinced of correctness the provision of a seat, check reliability of its fixing. Instructions on regulirovkepolozheniye of front seats are provided in the Section Car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies.
Seat beltsLatch a belt buckle bracket in the lock, then pull for a strap of humeral section up, checking reliability of fixing of a bracket in the lock. Make sure that the strap of a belt is not overwound, - the overwound belt in itself is dangerous.
As much as possible lower zone section of a belt, having placed it as low as possible on hips. Having pulled for humeral section, choose a weak point and try to achieve a dense prileganiye of a belt to a body. In case of need tighten a belt and achieve a dense prileganiye of its humeral section to a trunk. The strap has to pass through a thorax sitting on diagonal so that loading at blow fell generally on the strongest upper torso.
The driver of the vehicle, having fastened by the seat belt, has to check that all passengers were also properly fastened.
The correct provision of zone section of a belt will provide the safest repayment of inertia of a body at accident, holding it for strong bones of a coxofemoral joint. If the strap passes through a hand shoulder, it is necessary to correct the provision of the top anchor fastening of a belt on a car rack.
To adjust the provision of the top anchor of fastening of a belt, press the buttons of a clamp and shift fastening up or down the guide which is built in in a rack, trying to obtain the correct provision of humeral section of a belt concerning a neck. Fastening has four fixed situation.
Incorrectly functioning seat belt will not be able to provide appropriate protection of the driver/passenger in case of the road accident. Unacceptably wrong use of belts involves serious risk of getting injured, on vrezhdeny and even a lethal outcome. In the absence of confidence in correctness of adjustments, charge to specialists of car repair shop of the Honda company how to carry out check of functioning of seat belts. Additional information on seat belts on the car to a predstavla on in the Section Car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies.
Landing to a seatAfter the driver and all passengers took the places in interior of the car, adjusted the provision of the seats and put on seat belts, they have to give the correct situation to the body, having densely nestled a back on a seatback and having firmly put legs on a floor of salon. Legs should not come off a floor up to a full stop of the car and switching off of the engine.
Violation of correctness of landing during the movement increases risk of getting injured as a result of the road accident. So, if passengers sit having bent, lie, turn in the parties, bend forward or sideways, get on a seat with legs, the risk of receiving serious mutilations by them as a result of accident considerably increases.
Besides, the forward passengers holding the wrong position on seats can suffer serious injuries from the parts of internal finishing of salon breaking as a result of emergency blow, or from operation of a forward safety cushion.
If on the car equipped with side safety cushions the head of the forward passenger during the movement is inclined sideways and is in an area of coverage of operation of a safety cushion, the risk of receiving by it extremely increases at accident of serious injuries and mutilations.
Try to observe the correct situation on a seat during all trip, holding a back densely pressed to a seatback and having put legs on a floor. Remember that vertical position of landing and competent use of seat belts increase efficiency of functioning of all elements of safety which equipped the car.
Recommendations for pregnant womenSafety of the pregnant woman at the road accident is the best way of preservation of a fruit. Therefore at the movement on the car (as the driver or the passenger) the pregnant woman has to be fastened without fail by a seat belt, paying at the same time special attention to correctness of placement of its sections concerning the body.
The pregnant woman also has to hold vertical position on a seat. At the same time the front seat has to be most far removed from the dashboard that will allow to reduce risk of getting injured or mutilations not only for mother, but also for a fruit in case of the road accident or operation of a forward safety cushion.
At each visit of the doctor at which you are observed during pregnancy consult whether it is desirable to drive for you the car.
Transportation of childrenFor safety of transportation of children of younger and middle age it is necessary to use special children's seats and means of fixing. In case of need consult at representatives service center of the Honda company.
Additional recommendationsIt is forbidden to use the same seat belt for fastening of two people at the same time. In this case the belt will not perform the protective functions and at the road accident passengers can get severe injuries.
Do not attach any slips and other objects to straps of seat belts. Installation of additional objects or change of provision of fastening of humeral section can reduce efficiency of action of seat belts and increase probability of traumatizing at accident.
Have no firm or sharp objects between the body and a forward safety cushion.
Transportation of firm or sharp objects on a lap, or driving with a tube for smoking or other sharp objects in a mouth at accident can lead to receiving severe injuries.
For the purpose of prevention of risk of unauthorized operation of forward safety cushions try not to bring hands to the locations of their modules on the dashboard and a nave of a steering wheel.
On the models equipped with side safety cushions you do not fix firm objects to internal panels of forward doors or in close proximity to them. At operation of a side safety cushion holders for glasses or other objects fixed on the internal panel of a forward door can be broken with risk of injuring the forward passenger.
Additional information on seat belts
Diagonal and zone seat belt
To unfasten a belt, press the red button with the inscription PRESS which is located on the buckle lock case. At taking-up of a belt it is necessary to hold with a drum of the returnable device it for a buckle bracket. After an exit from the car check that the belt did not get to a doorway and was not clamped at a zakhlopyvaniye of the last.
Automatic emergency natyazhitel of seat belts
Operation of automatic emergency natyazhitel happens at the directed overloads arising during strong head-on collision. Emission of forward safety cushions is at the same time made.
At operation of the device the seat belt remains in a natyanutompolozheniye until the bracket of its buckle is not taken out from the lock of the last.
Inclusion of a control lamp of systems of additional safety (SRS) warns the driver about possible malfunctions in devices of automatic emergency natyazhitel of belts in the Section Car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies.
Anchor knots of fastening of seat belts
Front seatsWhen replacing belts bezopasnostisledut to be convinced of correctness of the chosen places of fastening. Places of fastening of seat belts are shown on illustrations.
System of additional safety (SRS)Enter number of the devices and components forming system of a dopolnitelnoybezopasnost (SRS):
a) Two forward safety cushions. The module of a driver's safety cushion is placed in a nave of a steering wheel. The safety cushion of the forward passenger is placed in a special cavity in the right part of the dashboard of the car. The locations of both pillows are marked with the precautionary inscriptions "SRS AIRBAG";
b) The sensors of the directed overloads working at strong front blow;
c) Electronic system of self-diagnostics which at the included ignition provides continuous testing of sensors of overloads, the control unit, gas generators of pillows and a connecting electrical wiring of the corresponding chains;
d) Devices of an avtomaticheskogoavariyny tension of seat belts of front seats (see above);
e) A control lamp of refusals of SRS, built in in the dashboard (see the Section Car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies);
f) The spare independent power supply intended for duplication of the main power supply system in case of its exit out of operation at collision of the car.
Principle of functioning of forward safety cushionsSensors of the directed overloads react to excess of some extreme value which to a mozha to tvozniknut at strong head-on collision. On a signal of sensors the control unit includes gas generators of safety cushions, causing their instant filling.
Right after operation and performance by pillows of the functions gas from them is produced that allows the driver to keep visibility and to manipulate freely all governing bodies of the car.
The full duration of process takes with sensors of overloads before production of gas from pillows fractions of a second the moment of giving of a signal. Operation of pillows happens so quickly that the human ear is simply incapable to apprehend cotton of gas generators when filling pillows.
After the road accident at which there was an operation of safety cushions the volume of interior of the car looks slightly smoke-filled. Actually it vzvestonkodispersny powder which usually pours covers of pillows in the put state. People with a disease of respiratory organs can feel a certain discomfort from the gaseous products which are contained in air allocated by gas generators of pillows.
Order of functioning of a control lamp of refusals of SRSThe control lamp of SRS is built in in an instrument guard of the car and intended for the warning of the driver of the refusals revealed by system of self-diagnostics in system of an additional security system. On some modifications of the car operation of a control lamp testifies to possible malfunctions in blocks of side safety cushions or devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts.
At inclusion of ignition (the ignition key is turned in the provision of "ON" [II]) the control lamp lights up for a short time, then at once dies away that confirms about serviceability of functioning of all knots of system.
At any operation of a control lamp at any other moment follows the owner of the car at the first opportunity to ask for the help specialists of car repair shop of the Honda company. The following is among such situations:
a) The control lamp does not join at turn of the ignition key in position of ON (II);
b) The control lamp continues to burn after implementation of start of the engine;
c) The control lamp joined and burns in the constant or blinking mode during the movement the car
In the presence of listed above at malfunction signs an additional security system can refuse at failure of the car.
Additional information on side safety cushionsOn some models as an additional complete set side safety cushions of the driver and forward passenger can be established. Modules of pillows are built in in external end faces of backs of front seats. The locations of both side pillows are marked with the inscriptions "SIDEAIRBAG". A control lamp of SRS on an instrument guard of the car to a srabatyvayettakzha at detection of malfunctions in chains of initiation of side pillows.
For ensuring the greatest efficiency of protection which is provided by safety cushions the driver and the passenger sitting on a front seat have to sit directly and to be fastened by seat belts.
Maintenance of the SRS elementsSafety cushions and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, practically do not need regular checks and maintenance. However the owner of the vehicle equipped as appropriate has to mean the next moments:
a) After operation of safety cushions they are subject to obligatory replacement together with the system control unit. Do not try to dismantle the fulfilled pillows independently. These operations have to be carried out only in the conditions of a workshop of car service;
b) If operation of a control lamp of SRS indicates existence of refusal in system, it is necessary to address immediately on the nearest car repair shop of the Honda company where full diagnostics and necessary recovery repair of system will be made. Otherwise safety cushions can not work at the road accident and not execute the protective function;
c) Only specially trained personnel are allowed to works with knots of an additional security system. It is forbidden to dismantle independently from the car of a safety cushion and avaiyny natyazhitel of seat belts. In case of refusal SRS or after abnormally operation of safety cushions and natyazhitel of seat belts needs to address at car repair shop of the Honda company for carrying out repair or replacement of knots of system;
d) Do not open modules and do not change an electrical wiring of systems of safety cushions and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, - such intervention can lead to involuntary operation of pillows and natyazhitel and to be the reason of traumatizing the performer пи the people who are nearby;
e) You do not make replacement of front seats without receiving preliminary consultation at car repair shop of the Honda company.
Inaccurate or incorrect performance of replacement or removal of covers can lead to refusal of operation of side safety cushions in case of the road accident.
Danger of poisoning with monoxide of carbon (SO)Toxic monoxide of carbon (SO) is a part of the fulfilled gases of the engine extremely. At serviceable final system and the correct operation of the car, the fulfilled gases of the engine should not get to interior of the car. Try a proveryattekhnichesky condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases and tightness of connections of its pipelines in the following cases:
a) At the next replacement of engine oil when the car is installed on the elevator;
b) At change of nature of the noise noticeable aurally published by final system;
c) After accident in which the details located under the car bottom could be damaged.
At the movement with an open door a back/cover of the luggage compartment the fulfilled gases of the engine can get to interior of the car and create a dangerous situation. If there is a situation when it is not possible to close a door/cover, it is necessary to open completely all windows and to include system of ventilation and air conditioning.
At stay in the car with the engine working at single turns (even on the open area), make the following inclusions:
a) Include system of ventilation of salon in the mode of inflow of fresh air;
b) Turn on the heater fan on the maximum speed;
c) Establish by the regulator the comfortable level of air temperature.
Placement of plates with warnings of potential dangerPlates settle down in the places specified illustrations and are intended for the warning of possible danger. The neglect these preventions is fraught with serious consequences. Attentively study the text of preventions.