Repair and operation of the car
+ Cars of the Honda Accord brand
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Engine management
+ Gear shifting box
+ Coupling and power shafts
- Brake system
System of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS) - the general information and codes of malfunctions
Replacement of brake shoes of disk brake mechanisms
Removal and installation of supports of disk brake mechanisms
Check of a state, removal and installation of a brake disk
Replacement of boots of drum brake mechanisms of back wheels
Removal and installation of wheel cylinders
Removal and installation of the main brake cylinder
Check of a state and replacement of brake lines and hoses
Pumping of the brake system
Check of serviceability of functioning/tightness, removal and installation of assembly of the vacuum amplifier of brakes
Adjustment of the parking brake
Replacement of a cable(s) of the drive of the parking brake
Check of serviceability of functioning, replacement and adjustment of the sensor switch of stoplights
Check of serviceability of functioning and replacement of the sensor switch of level of brake fluid
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment
System of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS) - the general information and codes of malfunctionsWhen the vehicle is equipped with the brake system of usual type, sharp squeezing of a pedal of a foot brake leads to blocking of wheels. At the same time coupling of a protector with a paving is broken, and the car can start to skid, losing controllability. The system of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS) prevents premature blocking of wheels, continuously operating the speed of their rotation during braking due to modulations of pressure of hydraulic liquid in each of brake mechanisms.
ABS consists of two main subsystems: electric and hydraulic. Four sensors of speed of rotation of wheels, the processor of management and a set of a connecting electrical wiring enter an electric part of system. A hydraulic part includes pressure modulator, supports of disk brake mechanisms and hydraulic lines connecting components.
The principle of functioning of system is rather simple. Each of wheels is equipped with the individual RPM meter. The sensor consists of a rotor (a ring with the teeth which are evenly located on its perimeter) and a sensitive element in the form of the podmagnichenny coil. The sensitive element of the sensor fixes the moments of passing of rotor teeths by it and will transform the obtained information to electric signals, control of ABS which are continuously transferred on the processor. By results of processing of the arriving signals the processor obtains information on the relative speed of rotation of each of wheels. While all four wheels rotate with an identical frequency, ABS stays in a passive state. As soon as any of wheels begins to be blocked, the processor fixes change of the entering signal and develops the command for operation of the modulator which is instantly dumping pressure of hydraulic liquid in the brake mechanism of the corresponding wheel. As soon as normal rotation of a wheel is restored, the processor stops functioning of the modulator.
Actually the scheme of functioning of ABS is much more difficult, than it can seem therefore authors of the present manual do not recommend to owners of cars to make attempts of independent performance of repair of system. In case of malfunctions it will be most reasonable to address specialists of car service.
Reading of codes of malfunctions of ABSAt start of the engine the control lamp of ABS on an instrument guard of the car has to join quickly and almost at once again go out. If because of any violation the lamp remains included after implementation of start of the engine, the ABS processor writes down the corresponding digital code in memory of the block of self-diagnostics. Reading of codes is made by means of the special scanner connected to the 16-contact diagnostic socket located under a forward overlay of a threshold of a driver's door of the car. In lack near at hand of the scanner the car should be driven away for reading of memory and performance of necessary recovery repair on car repair shop.
The ID card of codes of malfunctions of ABS is given below.
Cleaning of the processor memory of ABSAfter elimination debugged system the processor memory it has to be cleared. Memory cleaning requires again the scanner in the absence of which near at hand the car should be driven away on car repair shop. More detailed information on the skanerny reader is provided in the Head Engine management.